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What is Planning Commission : History, Structure and Functions

Planning Commision of India:

      • What is Planning Commission? The Central body for making plans in India is the planning Commission.
      • Planning Commission of India was established in the year 15th March ,1950.
      • The Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of this Commission.
      • There is no provision for (or mention of) Planning Commission in the Constitution of India.
      • It was constituted in the form of an advisory and specialist institution.
      • It was constituted by the Union Cabinet on the proposal of a member of Union Parliament.
      • The government has changed its organization and structure from time to time.
      • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Chairman of the Planning Commission.
      • There is no fix term/tenure of the Deputy Chairman and members of Planning Commission.
      • The members are appointed by the government.
      • The government can change the number of its members.
      • The Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission enjoys the status of a cabinet rank minister.
      • The commission estimates physical -capital and human resources
      • The commission prepares plan for maximum effective and impartial use of national resources.
      • The Commission makes critical analysis of each step and gives reformative suggestions.
      • Final clearance to planning is given by “National Development Council”.
      • 1st national planning committee was set up in 1938 by Subhash Chandra Bose and chaired by Jawaharlal Nehru
      • NITI Aayog Replaces Planning Commission: NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog Replaces Planning Commission in 2015 after 65 years by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.NITI Aayog Replaces Planning Commission

1st Five Year Plan (1951-1956)Read Here
Aim: To solve land problem, food problem, finance for agriculture, common production programmes for small-scale and large-scale industries, irrigation and power schemes and conservation of mineral resources.

1st Planning Commission members list:

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU -Chairman
GULZARILAL NANDA -Deputy Chairman
V. T. KRISHNAMACHARI -Member
CHINTAMAN D. DESHMUKH -Member
G. L. MEHTA * -Member
R. K. PATIL * -Member
G. DURGABAI -Member
N. R. PILLAI -Secretary
TARLOK SINGH -Deputy Secretary
*Shri G. L. Mehta remained a Member of the Planning Commission until August 26, 1952. Shri R. K. Patil served as a Member until November 10, 1951

2nd Five Year Plan (1956-1961 )
Aim is to rebuild rural India

2nd Planning Commission members list:

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU -Chairman
V. T. KRISHNAMACHARI -Deputy Chairman.
GULZARILAL NANDA -Member
CHINTAMAN D. DESHMUKH -Member
K. C. NEOGY -Member
J.C. GHOSH -Member
Y. N. SUKTHANKAR -Secretary
TARLOK SINGH -Joint Secretary

3rd Five Year Plan (1961-1966 )

Aim: country’s natural resources, agricultural and industrial advance, changes in the social structure and an integrated scheme of regional and national development. the maximum production and employment and the development of human resources. read more here about 3rd Five Year Plan

3rd Planning Commission members list:

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU- Chairman
GULZARILAL NANDA- Deputy Chairman
MORARJI R. DESAI- Member
V. K. KRISHNA MENON- Member
C. M. TRIVEDI- Member
T.N. SINGH -Member
A.N. KHOSLA -Member
P.C. MAHALANOBIS -Member
VISHNU SAHAY -Secretary
TARLOK SINGH -Additional Secretary

4th Five Year Plan (1969-1974)

Aim: The basic aim is to raise the standard of living of the people, especially of the less privileged sections of society.

4th Planning Commission members list:

INDIRA GANDHI Chairman
D.R. GADGIL Deputy Chairman
R. VENKATARAMAN Member
B. VENKATAPPIAH Member
PITAMBAR PANT Member
B.D. NAG CHAUDHURI Member
B.D. PANDE Secretary (August 1967 – February 1970)
A. MITRA Secretary (February 1970)

5th Five Year Plan (1974-79)
Aim: to achieve a measure of self-reliance in food and energy. stress on employment, poverty alleviation (Garibi Hatao), and justice.

Rolling Plan (1978–1980)
Janata Party government rejected the Fifth Five-Year Plan and new Sixth Five-Year Plan (1978–1980)
Indian National Congress government rejected Janata Party’s Fifth Five-Year Plan in 1980 and a new Sixth Plan was made

6th Five Year Plan (1980—85)

6th Planning Commission members list:

INDIRA GANDHI Chairman
NARAYAN DATT TIWARI Deputy Chairman
R. VENKATARAMAN Member
M. S. SWAMINATHAN Member
MOHD. FAZAL Member
MANMOHAN SINGH Member-Secretary
Read more about 6th Five Year Plan Here

7th Five Year Plan (1985-90)

Annual Plans (1990–1992)

8th Five Year Plan (1992-97)

9th Five Year Plan (1997-2002)
launched in the 50th year of India’s Independence

10th Five Year Plan (2002-07)

10th Planning Commission members list:

Atal Bihari Vajpayee – Chairman
K.C. Pant – Deputy Chairman
Jaswant Singh – Member
Yashwant Sinha – Member
Vasundhara Raje – Member
Dr. S.P. Gupta – Member
Dr. D.N. Tewari – Member
Dr. K. Venkatasubramanian – Member
Som Pal – Member
Kamaluddin Ahmed – Member
N.K. Singh – Member

11th Five Year Plan (2007-12)

12th Five Year Plan (2012-17)

Tendulkar poverty line, the rate of reduction in the five years between 2004–05 and 2009–10, was about 1.5%points each year, which was twice that when compared to the period between 1993–95 to 2004–05.

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