Important Dates in History
776 – First Olympiad in Greece.
753 – Rome Founded.
490 -Battle of Marathon ; the Greeks defeated the Iranians / Persians.
357-26 – Invasion of India by Alexander,Battle of Hydaspes.
221 – Chin-Hung Ti ‘Univesral Emperor’in China,Great Wall of China completed.
55 – Invasion of Britain by Jullius Caesar,the Great Roman Genaral.
44 – Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus.
4 – Birth of Jesus Christ.
29 – Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
43 – Roma Conquest of Britain.
50 – Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.
622 – Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina ( Hijira ),Beginning of Hijira Era ( Muhammadan calender ) on July 15.
800 – Charlemagne crowed Roman Emperor at St.Peter’s.
871 – Accession of Alfreed the Great to the throne of Britain.
901 – Death of King Alfred the Great.
1066 – Battle of Hsstings;norman invasion of ingland.William the Conqueror,Duke of normanday,defeated the English king Hasting II .
1215 – Magana Carta or the Great Charter signed by king John II at Runnymede in England on June 15.
1280 – Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.
1338 – The Hundred Years War broke out;it lasted upto 1453.
1431 –Joan of Arc,a brave french peasant girl,obtained victory over the English at Orleans.She was Furnt alive at the stakes.
1443 – The Black death i.e.,plague broke out in England.
1453 – The capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning)by the Ottoman Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countries,Where they spread the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature .This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.
1486 – Bartholomew Diaz rounded the Cape of good Hope.
1492 – Columbus sailed on his first expenition to the West Indies which Later led to the discovery of America(the New World).
1498 – Vasco da Gama , a Portuguese,discoverd the seat-route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.
1517 – Beginning of Reformation.
1529-36 – Reformation in England under Henry VII.
1564 – Birth of Shakespeare.
1571 – Battle of Lepanto;Turks defeated by the Christian League.
1577 – Drake,the famous English Admiral ,started his voyage round the world for the first time and plundered Spanish ships and ports in South America.
1588 – Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ‘Armada’;England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’
1600 – Establishment to the British East India Company in India (31st Dec)
1605 – Gunpowder plot in England to blow up the English Parliament.
1616 – Shakespeare passes away.
1649 – Trial and execution of ICharles I ,beginning of Commonwealth.
1649-60 – The Commonwealth and the Protectorate in Egland.
1660 – Restoration of Monarchy in England
1665 – The Great Plague in London.
1679 – Habeas Corpus Act.
1688 – The Glorious or Bloodless Revolution in England .Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended,and the Parliamentary rule began.Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the Divine Rights of King.
1704 – Battle of Blenheim;Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the French army.
1707 – Union of England and Scotland.
1763 – Treaty of paris;It ended the Seven Years’War (1756-63);weakened France,made England a great colonial power.
1776 – Declaration of American Independence and formation of a Federal Republic of 13 states called the United States of America (July 4)
1783 – Treaty of Versailles;England recognised the indipendence of the United States of America.
1789 – George Washington elected First President of USA.Beginning of french Revolution:Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14)
1798 – Battle of the Nile;The English under Nelson gained victory over the French.
1805 – Battle of Trafalgar;Death of Nelson.
Battle of Austerlize – Napolean Bonaparte routed a combined army of the Russians and the Austrians.
1815 – Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to St.Helena.Congress of Vienna,it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe;The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory,because it disregarded national claims.
1821 – Death of Napolean at St . Helena (May 5).
1827 – Battle of Navation ;the allied fleets of England ,Russia and France destroyed the Turkish fleet:This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.
1832 – Reforms Bill passed:French captured Antwerp.
1833 – Emancipation Act of 1833 ;It abolished slavery in the British dominions.
1837 – Accession of Queen Victoria to the throne of england.
1839 – Introduction of Penny Postage system in Eglande by sir Rowland Hill:Aden annexed by England.
1854 – The Crimean War began ;Russia attacked Turkey ;England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.
1861 – American Civil War started.Abraham Lincon elected 16th President of USA.
1863 – Slavery abolished in America.
1869 – Suez Canal opened for traffic .
1885 – General Goldon captured and slain at Khartoum.
1899 – Beginning of the Boer War.
1904 – Outbreak of the Russo – Japanese War.
1905 – Battle of the sea of Japan;Japan inflicted a crushing neval defeat on Russia;a wave of nationalism spread in Asia.
1911 – Chinese Republican Revolution;Amundsen reached South Pole (Dec,14).
1914 – Outbreak of World War 1 (july 28).
1916 – Battle of Jellico defeated the German Fleeted under Admiral Jellico defeated the German Fleet under Admiral Scheer.
1917 – March / Feb .Revolution in Russia:the Czar abdicated and later assassinated; reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Lvov,Kerensky)
Nov ./Oct.Revolution in russia:Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).
1918 – End of World War 1 (Nov.11).
1919 – The Paris Conference;the Treaty of Versailles.
1920 – Foundation of the League of Nations (Jan.10)
1921 – The Irish Free State established with the status of a Dominion like Canada (Dec.6).
1923 – Turkish Republic proclaimed with Kamal Ataturk as its First President .
1924 – Lenin died,and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia.
1925 – Treaty of Lacarno (betwwen Great Britain, France,Germany,Italy and Belgium).
1928 – Kellogg pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war ; it had no effect).
1933 – Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.
1935 – War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia);Italy ennexed ASbyssinia (Ethiopia);Plebiscite in Saar.
1939 – Germany invaded Poland : Outbreak of World War II (Sep.1)
1940 – Fall of France after German invasion (June 5);Italy entered World War II (June 11).
1941 – Hitler invades Russia (June 22);Farming of the Atlantic Charter (Aug.14);Japan attacked Pearl Harbour (Hawaii Islands)(Dec .7);USA entered World War II (Dec.8);China entered World War II (Des.10) Air raids by Japan on Rangoon(Des.22)
1942 – Capture of singapore by Japanese forces (feb.15);Battle of Coral Sea,Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3);Battle of Stalingarad (Sep .19).
1943 – Defeat of Germany at Stalingard (Feb .8);Battle of the Bismarck Sea , America defeated Japan in a naval battle (March 4);Invasion of Italy by the Allies, Armistice between Italy and the Allies (Sep 3)
1944- Allied Forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General Ike (Eisenhower), (D-Day) (June 6), Liberation of Paris (Aug 25)
Execution of Mussolini (Apr.22)
Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies (May 7)
USA dropped Atom Bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki of Japan (Aug,6 & Aug,9)
Actual Surrender of Japan (Sep 2)
World War 2 ended (Sep 2)
Foundation of UNO (Oct.24)
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