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Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds

Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds

Common Name Chemical Name Formula
baking soda sodium hydrogen carbonate

sodium bicarbonate

bleach (liquid) sodium hypochlorite or

hydrogen peroxide



bleach (solid) sodium perborate NaBO3
Borax sodium tetraborate decahydrate Na2B4O7.10 H2O
brimstone sulfur S
cream of tartar potassium hydrogen tartrate KHC4H4O6
Epsom salt magnesium sulfate heptahydrate MgSO4.7 H2O
Freon dichlorodifluoromethane CF2Cl2
galena lead (II) sulfide PbS
grain alcohol ethanol C2H5OH
graphite carbon C
gypsum calcium sulfate dihydrate CaSO4.2 H2O
hypo sodium thiosulfate Na2S2O3
laughing gas dinitrogen oxide N2O
lime calcium oxide CaO
limestone calcium carbonate CaCO3
lye sodium hydroxide NaOH
marble calcium carbonate CaCO3
MEK ethyl methyl ketone CH3COC2H5
milk of magnesia magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2
muriatic acid hydrochloric acid HCl
oil of vitriol sulfuric acid H2SO4
plaster of paris calcium sulfate � hydrate CaSO4.� H2O
potash potassium carbonate K2CO3
iron pyrite (fool�s gold) iron disulfide FeS2
quartz silicon dioxide SiO2
quicksilver mercury Hg
rubbing alcohol isopropyl alcohol (CH3)2CHOH
sal ammoniac ammonium chloride NH4Cl
salt sodium chloride NaCl
salt substitute potassium chloride KCl
saltpeter potassium nitrate KNO3
slaked lime calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2
sugar sucrose C12H22O11
TSP trisodium phosphate sodium phosphate Na3PO4
washing soda sodium carbonate decahydrate Na2CO3.10 H2O
wood alcohol methyl alcohol CH3OH
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